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proto_http.h

/*
  include/types/proto_http.h
  This file contains HTTP protocol definitions.

  Copyright (C) 2000-2006 Willy Tarreau - w@1wt.eu
  
  This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
  modify it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public
  License as published by the Free Software Foundation, version 2.1
  exclusively.

  This library is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
  but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
  MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU
  Lesser General Public License for more details.

  You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public
  License along with this library; if not, write to the Free Software
  Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA  02110-1301  USA
*/

#ifndef _TYPES_PROTO_HTTP_H
#define _TYPES_PROTO_HTTP_H

#include <common/config.h>

#include <types/buffers.h>
#include <types/hdr_idx.h>

/*
 * FIXME: break this into HTTP state and TCP socket state.
 * See server.h for the other end.
 */

/* different possible states for the client side */
#define CL_STHEADERS    0
#define CL_STDATA 1
#define CL_STSHUTR      2
#define CL_STSHUTW      3
#define CL_STCLOSE      4

/*
 * FIXME: break this into HTTP state and TCP socket state.
 * See client.h for the other end.
 */

/* different possible states for the server side */
#define SV_STIDLE 0
#define SV_STCONN 1
#define SV_STHEADERS    2
#define SV_STDATA 3
#define SV_STSHUTR      4
#define SV_STSHUTW      5
#define SV_STCLOSE      6

/*
 * Transaction flags moved from session
 */


/* action flags */
#define TX_CLDENY 0x00000001  /* a client header matches a deny regex */
#define TX_CLALLOW      0x00000002  /* a client header matches an allow regex */
#define TX_SVDENY 0x00000004  /* a server header matches a deny regex */
#define TX_SVALLOW      0x00000008  /* a server header matches an allow regex */
#define TX_CLTARPIT     0x00000010  /* the session is tarpitted (anti-dos) */
/* unused:              0x00000020 */

/* transaction flags dedicated to cookies : bits values 0x40, 0x80 (0-3 shift 6) */
#define TX_CK_NONE      0x00000000  /* this session had no cookie */
#define TX_CK_INVALID   0x00000040  /* this session had a cookie which matches no server */
#define TX_CK_DOWN      0x00000080  /* this session had cookie matching a down server */
#define TX_CK_VALID     0x000000C0  /* this session had cookie matching a valid server */
#define TX_CK_MASK      0x000000C0  /* mask to get this session's cookie flags */
#define TX_CK_SHIFT     6           /* bit shift */

/* cookie information, bits values 0x100 to 0x800 (0-8 shift 8) */
#define TX_SCK_NONE     0x00000000  /* no set-cookie seen for the server cookie */
#define TX_SCK_DELETED  0x00000100  /* existing set-cookie deleted or changed */
#define TX_SCK_INSERTED 0x00000200  /* new set-cookie inserted or changed existing one */
#define TX_SCK_SEEN     0x00000400  /* set-cookie seen for the server cookie */
#define TX_SCK_MASK     0x00000700  /* mask to get the set-cookie field */
#define TX_SCK_ANY      0x00000800  /* at least one set-cookie seen (not to be counted) */
#define TX_SCK_SHIFT    8           /* bit shift */

/* cacheability management, bits values 0x1000 to 0x3000 (0-3 shift 12) */
#define TX_CACHEABLE    0x00001000  /* at least part of the response is cacheable */
#define TX_CACHE_COOK   0x00002000  /* a cookie in the response is cacheable */
#define TX_CACHE_SHIFT  12          /* bit shift */


/* The HTTP parser is more complex than it looks like, because we have to
 * support multi-line headers and any number of spaces between the colon and
 * the value.
 *
 * All those examples must work :

 Hdr1:val1\r\n
 Hdr1: val1\r\n
 Hdr1:\t val1\r\n
 Hdr1: \r\n
  val1\r\n
 Hdr1:\r\n
  val1\n
 \tval2\r\n
  val3\n

 *
 */

/* Possible states while parsing HTTP messages (request|response) */
#define HTTP_MSG_RQBEFORE      0 // request: leading LF, before start line
#define HTTP_MSG_RQBEFORE_CR   1 // request: leading CRLF, before start line

/* these ones define a request start line */
#define HTTP_MSG_RQMETH        2 // parsing the Method
#define HTTP_MSG_RQMETH_SP     3 // space(s) after the ethod
#define HTTP_MSG_RQURI         4 // parsing the Request URI
#define HTTP_MSG_RQURI_SP      5 // space(s) after the Request URI
#define HTTP_MSG_RQVER         6 // parsing the Request Version
#define HTTP_MSG_RQLINE_END    7 // end of request line (CR or LF)

#define HTTP_MSG_RPBEFORE      8 // response: leading LF, before start line
#define HTTP_MSG_RPBEFORE_CR   9 // response: leading CRLF, before start line

/* these ones define a response start line */
#define HTTP_MSG_RPVER        10 // parsing the Response Version
#define HTTP_MSG_RPVER_SP     11 // space(s) after the Response Version
#define HTTP_MSG_RPCODE       12 // response code
#define HTTP_MSG_RPCODE_SP    13 // space(s) after the response code
#define HTTP_MSG_RPREASON     14 // response reason
#define HTTP_MSG_RPLINE_END   15 // end of response line (CR or LF)

/* common header processing */

#define HTTP_MSG_HDR_FIRST    16 // waiting for first header or last CRLF (no LWS possible)
#define HTTP_MSG_HDR_NAME     17 // parsing header name
#define HTTP_MSG_HDR_COL      18 // parsing header colon
#define HTTP_MSG_HDR_L1_SP    19 // parsing header LWS (SP|HT) before value
#define HTTP_MSG_HDR_L1_LF    20 // parsing header LWS (LF) before value
#define HTTP_MSG_HDR_L1_LWS   21 // checking whether it's a new header or an LWS
#define HTTP_MSG_HDR_VAL      22 // parsing header value
#define HTTP_MSG_HDR_L2_LF    23 // parsing header LWS (LF) inside/after value
#define HTTP_MSG_HDR_L2_LWS   24 // checking whether it's a new header or an LWS

#define HTTP_MSG_LAST_LF      25 // parsing last LF
#define HTTP_MSG_BODY         26 // parsing body at end of headers
#define HTTP_MSG_ERROR        27 // an error occurred


/* various data sources for the responses */
#define DATA_SRC_NONE   0
#define DATA_SRC_STATS  1

/* data transmission states for the stats responses */
enum {
      DATA_ST_INIT = 0,
      DATA_ST_HEAD,
      DATA_ST_INFO,
      DATA_ST_LIST,
      DATA_ST_END,
      DATA_ST_FIN,
};

/* data transmission states for the stats responses inside a proxy */
enum {
      DATA_ST_PX_INIT = 0,
      DATA_ST_PX_TH,
      DATA_ST_PX_FE,
      DATA_ST_PX_SV,
      DATA_ST_PX_BE,
      DATA_ST_PX_END,
      DATA_ST_PX_FIN,
};

/* Known HTTP methods */
typedef enum {
      HTTP_METH_NONE = 0,
      HTTP_METH_OPTIONS,
      HTTP_METH_GET,
      HTTP_METH_HEAD,
      HTTP_METH_POST,
      HTTP_METH_PUT,
      HTTP_METH_DELETE,
      HTTP_METH_TRACE,
      HTTP_METH_CONNECT,
      HTTP_METH_OTHER,
} http_meth_t;

/* This is an HTTP message, as described in RFC2616. It can be either a request
 * message or a response message.
 *
 * The values there are a little bit obscure, because their meaning can change
 * during the parsing :
 *
 *  - som (Start of Message) : relative offset in the buffer of first byte of
 *                             the request being processed or parsed. Reset to
 *                             zero during accept().
 *  - eoh (End of Headers)   : relative offset in the buffer of first byte that
 *                             is not part of a completely processed header.
 *                             During parsing, it points to last header seen
 *                             for states after START.
 *  - eol (End of Line)      : relative offset in the buffer of the first byte
 *                             which marks the end of the line (LF or CRLF).
 */
struct http_msg {
      int msg_state;                  /* where we are in the current message parsing */
      char *sol;                      /* start of line, also start of message when fully parsed */
      char *eol;                      /* end of line */
      int som;                /* Start Of Message, relative to buffer */
      int col, sov;                 /* current header: colon, start of value */
      int eoh;                /* End Of Headers, relative to buffer */
      char **cap;             /* array of captured headers (may be NULL) */
      union {                       /* useful start line pointers, relative to buffer */
            struct {
                  int l;            /* request line length (not including CR) */
                  int m_l;    /* METHOD length (method starts at ->som) */
                  int u, u_l; /* URI, length */
                  int v, v_l; /* VERSION, length */
            } rq;             /* request line : field, length */
            struct {
                  int l;            /* status line length (not including CR) */
                  int v_l;    /* VERSION length (version starts at ->som) */
                  int c, c_l; /* CODE, length */
                  int r, r_l; /* REASON, length */
            } st;             /* status line : field, length */
      } sl;                   /* start line */
};

/* This is an HTTP transaction. It contains both a request message and a
 * response message (which can be empty).
 */
struct http_txn {
      http_meth_t meth;       /* HTTP method */
      struct hdr_idx hdr_idx;         /* array of header indexes (max: MAX_HTTP_HDR) */
      struct chunk auth_hdr;        /* points to 'Authorization:' header */
      struct http_msg req, rsp;     /* HTTP request and response messages */

      char *uri;              /* first line if log needed, NULL otherwise */
      char *cli_cookie;       /* cookie presented by the client, in capture mode */
      char *srv_cookie;       /* cookie presented by the server, in capture mode */
      int status;             /* HTTP status from the server, negative if from proxy */
      unsigned int flags;             /* transaction flags */
};

/* This structure is used by http_find_header() to return values of headers.
 * The header starts at <line>, the value at <line>+<val> for <vlen> bytes.
 */
struct hdr_ctx {
      const char *line;
      int  idx;
      int  val;  /* relative to line */
      int  vlen; /* relative to line+val */
};

#endif /* _TYPES_PROTO_HTTP_H */

/*
 * Local variables:
 *  c-indent-level: 8
 *  c-basic-offset: 8
 * End:
 */

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