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time.h

/*
  include/common/time.h
  Time calculation functions and macros.

  Copyright (C) 2000-2007 Willy Tarreau - w@1wt.eu
  
  This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
  modify it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public
  License as published by the Free Software Foundation, version 2.1
  exclusively.

  This library is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
  but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
  MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU
  Lesser General Public License for more details.

  You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public
  License along with this library; if not, write to the Free Software
  Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA  02110-1301  USA
*/

#ifndef _COMMON_TIME_H
#define _COMMON_TIME_H

#include <stdlib.h>
#include <sys/time.h>
#include <common/config.h>
#include <common/standard.h>

/* eternity when exprimed in timeval */
#ifndef TV_ETERNITY
#define TV_ETERNITY     (~0UL)
#endif

/* eternity when exprimed in ms */
#ifndef TV_ETERNITY_MS
#define TV_ETERNITY_MS  (-1)
#endif

#define TIME_ETERNITY   (TV_ETERNITY_MS)


/* returns the lowest delay amongst <old> and <new>, and respects TIME_ETERNITY */
#define MINTIME(old, new)     (((new)<0)?(old):(((old)<0||(new)<(old))?(new):(old)))
#define SETNOW(a)       (*a=now)

extern struct timeval now;              /* the current date at any moment */
extern struct timeval start_date;       /* the process's start date */


/**** exported functions *************************************************/


/*
 * adds <ms> ms to <from>, set the result to <tv> and returns a pointer <tv>
 */
REGPRM3 struct timeval *tv_ms_add(struct timeval *tv, const struct timeval *from, int ms);

/*
 * compares <tv1> and <tv2> modulo 1ms: returns 0 if equal, -1 if tv1 < tv2, 1 if tv1 > tv2
 * Must not be used when either argument is eternity. Use tv_ms_cmp2() for that.
 */
REGPRM2 int tv_ms_cmp(const struct timeval *tv1, const struct timeval *tv2);

/*
 * compares <tv1> and <tv2> modulo 1 ms: returns 0 if equal, -1 if tv1 < tv2, 1 if tv1 > tv2,
 * assuming that TV_ETERNITY is greater than everything.
 */
REGPRM2 int tv_ms_cmp2(const struct timeval *tv1, const struct timeval *tv2);

/**** general purpose functions and macros *******************************/


/* tv_now: sets <tv> to the current time */
REGPRM1 static inline struct timeval *tv_now(struct timeval *tv)
{
      gettimeofday(tv, NULL);
      return tv;
}

/*
 * sets a struct timeval to its highest value so that it can never happen
 * note that only tv_usec is necessary to detect it since a tv_usec > 999999
 * is normally not possible.
 *
 */

REGPRM1 static inline struct timeval *tv_eternity(struct timeval *tv)
{
      tv->tv_sec = tv->tv_usec = TV_ETERNITY;
      return tv;
}

/*
 * sets a struct timeval to 0
 *
 */
REGPRM1 static inline struct timeval *tv_zero(struct timeval *tv) {
      tv->tv_sec = tv->tv_usec = 0;
      return tv;
}

/*
 * returns non null if tv is [eternity], otherwise 0.
 */
#define tv_iseternity(tv)       ((tv)->tv_usec == TV_ETERNITY)

/*
 * returns 0 if tv is [eternity], otherwise non-zero.
 */
#define tv_isset(tv)       ((tv)->tv_usec != TV_ETERNITY)

/*
 * returns non null if tv is [0], otherwise 0.
 */
#define tv_iszero(tv)           (((tv)->tv_sec | (tv)->tv_usec) == 0)

/*
 * Converts a struct timeval to a number of milliseconds.
 */
REGPRM1 static inline unsigned long __tv_to_ms(const struct timeval *tv)
{
      unsigned long ret;

      ret  = tv->tv_sec * 1000;
      ret += tv->tv_usec / 1000;
      return ret;
}

/*
 * Converts a struct timeval to a number of milliseconds.
 */
REGPRM2 static inline struct timeval * __tv_from_ms(struct timeval *tv, unsigned long ms)
{
      tv->tv_sec = ms / 1000;
      tv->tv_usec = (ms % 1000) * 1000;
      return tv;
}


/**** comparison functions and macros ***********************************/


/* tv_cmp: compares <tv1> and <tv2> : returns 0 if equal, -1 if tv1 < tv2, 1 if tv1 > tv2. */
REGPRM2 static inline int __tv_cmp(const struct timeval *tv1, const struct timeval *tv2)
{
      if ((unsigned)tv1->tv_sec < (unsigned)tv2->tv_sec)
            return -1;
      else if ((unsigned)tv1->tv_sec > (unsigned)tv2->tv_sec)
            return 1;
      else if ((unsigned)tv1->tv_usec < (unsigned)tv2->tv_usec)
            return -1;
      else if ((unsigned)tv1->tv_usec > (unsigned)tv2->tv_usec)
            return 1;
      else
            return 0;
}

/* tv_iseq: compares <tv1> and <tv2> : returns 1 if tv1 == tv2, otherwise 0 */
#define tv_iseq __tv_iseq
REGPRM2 static inline int __tv_iseq(const struct timeval *tv1, const struct timeval *tv2)
{
      return ((unsigned)tv1->tv_sec  == (unsigned)tv2->tv_sec) &&
            ((unsigned)tv1->tv_usec == (unsigned)tv2->tv_usec);
}

/* tv_isgt: compares <tv1> and <tv2> : returns 1 if tv1 > tv2, otherwise 0 */
#define tv_isgt _tv_isgt
REGPRM2 int _tv_isgt(const struct timeval *tv1, const struct timeval *tv2);
REGPRM2 static inline int __tv_isgt(const struct timeval *tv1, const struct timeval *tv2)
{
      return
            ((unsigned)tv1->tv_sec  == (unsigned)tv2->tv_sec) ?
            ((unsigned)tv1->tv_usec >  (unsigned)tv2->tv_usec) :
            ((unsigned)tv1->tv_sec  >  (unsigned)tv2->tv_sec);
}

/* tv_isge: compares <tv1> and <tv2> : returns 1 if tv1 >= tv2, otherwise 0 */
#define tv_isge __tv_isge
REGPRM2 static inline int __tv_isge(const struct timeval *tv1, const struct timeval *tv2)
{
      return
            ((unsigned)tv1->tv_sec  == (unsigned)tv2->tv_sec) ?
            ((unsigned)tv1->tv_usec >= (unsigned)tv2->tv_usec) :
            ((unsigned)tv1->tv_sec  >  (unsigned)tv2->tv_sec);
}

/* tv_islt: compares <tv1> and <tv2> : returns 1 if tv1 < tv2, otherwise 0 */
#define tv_islt __tv_islt
REGPRM2 static inline int __tv_islt(const struct timeval *tv1, const struct timeval *tv2)
{
      return
            ((unsigned)tv1->tv_sec  == (unsigned)tv2->tv_sec) ?
            ((unsigned)tv1->tv_usec <  (unsigned)tv2->tv_usec) :
            ((unsigned)tv1->tv_sec  <  (unsigned)tv2->tv_sec);
}

/* tv_isle: compares <tv1> and <tv2> : returns 1 if tv1 <= tv2, otherwise 0 */
#define tv_isle _tv_isle
REGPRM2 int _tv_isle(const struct timeval *tv1, const struct timeval *tv2);
REGPRM2 static inline int __tv_isle(const struct timeval *tv1, const struct timeval *tv2)
{
      return
            ((unsigned)tv1->tv_sec  == (unsigned)tv2->tv_sec) ?
            ((unsigned)tv1->tv_usec <= (unsigned)tv2->tv_usec) :
            ((unsigned)tv1->tv_sec  <  (unsigned)tv2->tv_sec);
}

/*
 * compares <tv1> and <tv2> modulo 1ms: returns 0 if equal, -1 if tv1 < tv2, 1 if tv1 > tv2
 * Must not be used when either argument is eternity. Use tv_ms_cmp2() for that.
 */
#define tv_ms_cmp _tv_ms_cmp
REGPRM2 int _tv_ms_cmp(const struct timeval *tv1, const struct timeval *tv2);
REGPRM2 static inline int __tv_ms_cmp(const struct timeval *tv1, const struct timeval *tv2)
{
      if ((unsigned)tv1->tv_sec == (unsigned)tv2->tv_sec) {
            if ((unsigned)tv2->tv_usec >= (unsigned)tv1->tv_usec + 1000)
                  return -1;
            else if ((unsigned)tv1->tv_usec >= (unsigned)tv2->tv_usec + 1000)
                  return 1;
            else
                  return 0;
      }
      else if (((unsigned)tv2->tv_sec > (unsigned)tv1->tv_sec + 1) ||
             (((unsigned)tv2->tv_sec == (unsigned)tv1->tv_sec + 1) &&
              ((unsigned)tv2->tv_usec + 1000000 >= (unsigned)tv1->tv_usec + 1000)))
            return -1;
      else if (((unsigned)tv1->tv_sec > (unsigned)tv2->tv_sec + 1) ||
             (((unsigned)tv1->tv_sec == (unsigned)tv2->tv_sec + 1) &&
              ((unsigned)tv1->tv_usec + 1000000 >= (unsigned)tv2->tv_usec + 1000)))
            return 1;
      else
            return 0;
}

/*
 * compares <tv1> and <tv2> modulo 1 ms: returns 0 if equal, -1 if tv1 < tv2, 1 if tv1 > tv2,
 * assuming that TV_ETERNITY is greater than everything.
 */
#define tv_ms_cmp2 _tv_ms_cmp2
REGPRM2 int _tv_ms_cmp2(const struct timeval *tv1, const struct timeval *tv2);
REGPRM2 static inline int __tv_ms_cmp2(const struct timeval *tv1, const struct timeval *tv2)
{
      if (tv_iseternity(tv1))
            if (tv_iseternity(tv2))
                  return 0; /* same */
            else
                  return 1; /* tv1 later than tv2 */
      else if (tv_iseternity(tv2))
            return -1; /* tv2 later than tv1 */
      return tv_ms_cmp(tv1, tv2);
}

/*
 * compares <tv1> and <tv2> modulo 1 ms: returns 1 if tv1 <= tv2, 0 if tv1 > tv2,
 * assuming that TV_ETERNITY is greater than everything. Returns 0 if tv1 is
 * TV_ETERNITY, and always assumes that tv2 != TV_ETERNITY. Designed to replace
 * occurrences of (tv_ms_cmp2(tv,now) <= 0).
 */
#define tv_ms_le2 _tv_ms_le2
REGPRM2 int _tv_ms_le2(const struct timeval *tv1, const struct timeval *tv2);
REGPRM2 static inline int __tv_ms_le2(const struct timeval *tv1, const struct timeval *tv2)
{
      if (likely((unsigned)tv1->tv_sec > (unsigned)tv2->tv_sec + 1))
            return 0;

      if (likely((unsigned)tv1->tv_sec < (unsigned)tv2->tv_sec))
            return 1;

      if (likely((unsigned)tv1->tv_sec == (unsigned)tv2->tv_sec)) {
            if ((unsigned)tv2->tv_usec >= (unsigned)tv1->tv_usec + 1000)
                  return 1;
            else
                  return 0;
      }

      if (unlikely(((unsigned)tv1->tv_sec == (unsigned)tv2->tv_sec + 1) &&
                 ((unsigned)tv1->tv_usec + 1000000 >= (unsigned)tv2->tv_usec + 1000)))
            return 0;
      else
            return 1;
}


/**** operators **********************************************************/


/*
 * Returns the time in ms elapsed between tv1 and tv2, assuming that tv1<=tv2.
 * Must not be used when either argument is eternity.
 */
#define tv_ms_elapsed __tv_ms_elapsed
REGPRM2 unsigned long _tv_ms_elapsed(const struct timeval *tv1, const struct timeval *tv2);
REGPRM2 static inline unsigned long __tv_ms_elapsed(const struct timeval *tv1, const struct timeval *tv2)
{
      unsigned long ret;

      ret  = ((signed long)(tv2->tv_sec  - tv1->tv_sec))  * 1000;
      ret += ((signed long)(tv2->tv_usec - tv1->tv_usec)) / 1000;
      return ret;
}

/*
 * returns the remaining time between tv1=now and event=tv2
 * if tv2 is passed, 0 is returned.
 * Must not be used when either argument is eternity.
 */

#define tv_ms_remain __tv_ms_remain
REGPRM2 unsigned long _tv_ms_remain(const struct timeval *tv1, const struct timeval *tv2);
REGPRM2 static inline unsigned long __tv_ms_remain(const struct timeval *tv1, const struct timeval *tv2)
{
      if (tv_ms_cmp(tv1, tv2) >= 0)
            return 0; /* event elapsed */

      return __tv_ms_elapsed(tv1, tv2);
}

/*
 * returns the remaining time between tv1=now and event=tv2
 * if tv2 is passed, 0 is returned.
 * Returns TIME_ETERNITY if tv2 is eternity.
 */
#define tv_ms_remain2 _tv_ms_remain2
REGPRM2 unsigned long _tv_ms_remain2(const struct timeval *tv1, const struct timeval *tv2);
REGPRM2 static inline unsigned long __tv_ms_remain2(const struct timeval *tv1, const struct timeval *tv2)
{
      if (tv_iseternity(tv2))
            return TIME_ETERNITY;

      return tv_ms_remain(tv1, tv2);
}

/*
 * adds <inc> to <from>, set the result to <tv> and returns a pointer <tv>
 */
#define tv_add _tv_add
REGPRM3 struct timeval *_tv_add(struct timeval *tv, const struct timeval *from, const struct timeval *inc);
REGPRM3 static inline struct timeval *__tv_add(struct timeval *tv, const struct timeval *from, const struct timeval *inc)
{
      tv->tv_usec = from->tv_usec + inc->tv_usec;
      tv->tv_sec  = from->tv_sec  + inc->tv_sec;
      if (tv->tv_usec >= 1000000) {
            tv->tv_usec -= 1000000;
            tv->tv_sec++;
      }
      return tv;
}


/*
 * If <inc> is set, then add it to <from> and set the result to <tv>, then
 * return 1, otherwise return 0. It is meant to be used in if conditions.
 */
#define tv_add_ifset _tv_add_ifset
REGPRM3 int _tv_add_ifset(struct timeval *tv, const struct timeval *from, const struct timeval *inc);
REGPRM3 static inline int __tv_add_ifset(struct timeval *tv, const struct timeval *from, const struct timeval *inc)
{
      if (tv_iseternity(inc))
            return 0;
      tv->tv_usec = from->tv_usec + inc->tv_usec;
      tv->tv_sec  = from->tv_sec  + inc->tv_sec;
      if (tv->tv_usec >= 1000000) {
            tv->tv_usec -= 1000000;
            tv->tv_sec++;
      }
      return 1;
}

/*
 * adds <inc> to <tv> and returns a pointer <tv>
 */
REGPRM2 static inline struct timeval *__tv_add2(struct timeval *tv, const struct timeval *inc)
{
      tv->tv_usec += inc->tv_usec;
      tv->tv_sec  += inc->tv_sec;
      if (tv->tv_usec >= 1000000) {
            tv->tv_usec -= 1000000;
            tv->tv_sec++;
      }
      return tv;
}


/*
 * Computes the remaining time between tv1=now and event=tv2. if tv2 is passed,
 * 0 is returned. The result is stored into tv.
 */
#define tv_remain _tv_remain
REGPRM3 struct timeval *_tv_remain(const struct timeval *tv1, const struct timeval *tv2, struct timeval *tv);
REGPRM3 static inline struct timeval *__tv_remain(const struct timeval *tv1, const struct timeval *tv2, struct timeval *tv)
{
      tv->tv_usec = tv2->tv_usec - tv1->tv_usec;
      tv->tv_sec  = tv2->tv_sec  - tv1->tv_sec;
      if ((signed)tv->tv_sec > 0) {
            if ((signed)tv->tv_usec < 0) {
                  tv->tv_usec += 1000000;
                  tv->tv_sec--;
            }
      } else if (tv->tv_sec == 0) {
            if ((signed)tv->tv_usec < 0)
                  tv->tv_usec = 0;
      } else {
            tv->tv_sec = 0;
            tv->tv_usec = 0;
      }
      return tv;
}


/*
 * Computes the remaining time between tv1=now and event=tv2. if tv2 is passed,
 * 0 is returned. The result is stored into tv. Returns ETERNITY if tv2 is
 * eternity.
 */
#define tv_remain2 _tv_remain2
REGPRM3 struct timeval *_tv_remain2(const struct timeval *tv1, const struct timeval *tv2, struct timeval *tv);
REGPRM3 static inline struct timeval *__tv_remain2(const struct timeval *tv1, const struct timeval *tv2, struct timeval *tv)
{
      if (tv_iseternity(tv2))
            return tv_eternity(tv);
      return __tv_remain(tv1, tv2, tv);
}


/*
 * adds <ms> ms to <from>, set the result to <tv> and returns a pointer <tv>
 */
#define tv_ms_add _tv_ms_add
REGPRM3 struct timeval *_tv_ms_add(struct timeval *tv, const struct timeval *from, int ms);
REGPRM3 static inline struct timeval *__tv_ms_add(struct timeval *tv, const struct timeval *from, int ms)
{
      tv->tv_usec = from->tv_usec + (ms % 1000) * 1000;
      tv->tv_sec  = from->tv_sec  + (ms / 1000);
      while (tv->tv_usec >= 1000000) {
            tv->tv_usec -= 1000000;
            tv->tv_sec++;
      }
      return tv;
}


/*
 * compares <tv1> and <tv2> : returns 1 if <tv1> is before <tv2>, otherwise 0.
 * This should be very fast because it's used in schedulers.
 * It has been optimized to return 1  (so call it in a loop which continues
 * as long as tv1<=tv2)
 */

#define tv_isbefore(tv1, tv2)                                               \
      (unlikely((unsigned)(tv1)->tv_sec < (unsigned)(tv2)->tv_sec) ? 1 :  \
       (unlikely((unsigned)(tv1)->tv_sec > (unsigned)(tv2)->tv_sec) ? 0 : \
        unlikely((unsigned)(tv1)->tv_usec < (unsigned)(tv2)->tv_usec)))

/*
 * returns the first event between <tv1> and <tv2> into <tvmin>.
 * a zero tv is ignored. <tvmin> is returned. If <tvmin> is known
 * to be the same as <tv1> or <tv2>, it is recommended to use
 * tv_bound instead.
 */
#define tv_min(tvmin, tv1, tv2) ({      \
        if (tv_isbefore(tv1, tv2)) {    \
                *tvmin = *tv1;          \
        }                               \
        else {                          \
                *tvmin = *tv2;          \
        }                               \
        tvmin;                          \
})

/*
 * returns the first event between <tv1> and <tv2> into <tvmin>.
 * a zero tv is ignored. <tvmin> is returned. This function has been
 * optimized to be called as tv_min(a,a,b) or tv_min(b,a,b).
 */
#define tv_bound(tv1, tv2) ({      \
        if (tv_isbefore(tv2, tv1)) \
                  *tv1 = *tv2;     \
        tv1;                       \
})


#endif /* _COMMON_TIME_H */

/*
 * Local variables:
 *  c-indent-level: 8
 *  c-basic-offset: 8
 * End:
 */

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