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mini-clist.h

/*
 * list.h : list manipulation macros and structures.
 * Copyright 2002-2007 Willy Tarreau <w@1wt.eu>
 *
 */

#ifndef _COMMON_MINI_CLIST_H
#define _COMMON_MINI_CLIST_H

#include <common/config.h>

/* these are circular or bidirectionnal lists only. Each list pointer points to
 * another list pointer in a structure, and not the structure itself. The
 * pointer to the next element MUST be the first one so that the list is easily
 * cast as a single linked list or pointer.
 */
struct list {
    struct list *n;     /* next */
    struct list *p;     /* prev */
};

#define LIST_HEAD(a)    ((void *)(&(a)))

#define LIST_INIT(l) ((l)->n = (l)->p = (l))

#define LIST_HEAD_INIT(l) { &l, &l }

/* dual linked lists :
 * Start = (struct list *) pointer to the next elem's prev list entry
 * For each element :
 *   - prev = pointer to previous element's next (or start). Cannot be NULL
 *   - next = pointer to next element's prev. NULL = end.
 *
 */

/* adds an element at the beginning of a dual-linked list ; returns the element */
#define DLIST_ADD(lh, el) ({ typeof(el) __ret = (el); __ret->n = (void *)(lh); __ret->p = (void *)&(lh); if (__ret->n != NULL) __ret->n->p = __ret; (lh) = (typeof(lh))&__ret->n; __ret; })

/* removes an element from a dual-linked list and returns it */
#define DLIST_DEL(el) ({ typeof(el) __ret = (el); if (__ret->n != NULL) __ret->n->p = __ret->p; __ret->p->n = __ret->n; __ret; })

/*
 * iterates through a list of items of type "<struct_type>" which are
 * linked via a "struct list" member named <struct_member>. The head of the
 * list is stored at a location designed by <list_head>, which should be a
 * "struct list *". A variable <end_item> of type "<struct_type>" will
 * be used as temporary end of list pointer. It can be derived from <list_head>
 * since this one is only used before. <list_head> will be modified except for
 * foreach_dlist_item_cst which is slightly slower.
 * Major difference between FOREACH_ITEM is that it stops at NULL.
 * Example: foreach_dlist_item(cur_node, args, struct node *, list) { ... };
 *          foreach_dlist_item_cst(cur_node, &node->args, struct node *, list) { ... };
 */
#define foreach_dlist_item_cst(iterator, list_head, struct_type, struct_member)     \
      for ((iterator) = LIST_ELEM(&(list_head), struct_type, struct_member.n);      \
           ((iterator)->struct_member.n != NULL) && \
             (((iterator) = LIST_ELEM((iterator)->struct_member.n, struct_type, struct_member.n)), 1);\
           )

#define foreach_dlist_item(iterator, var_list_head, struct_type, struct_member)     \
      while ((var_list_head != NULL) &&               \
             ((var_list_head=((iterator)=LIST_ELEM(var_list_head, struct_type, struct_member.n))->struct_member.n), 1))

/*
 * Like foreach_dlist_item, except that this one only operates on the head of
 * the list. It's to the inner instructions to iterate the list head. If not,
 * this will be an endless loop.
 */
#define while_dlist_item(iterator, var_list_head, struct_type, struct_member) \
      while ((var_list_head != NULL) &&               \
             (((iterator)=LIST_ELEM(var_list_head, struct_type, struct_member.n)),1))


/****** circular lists ********/

/* adds an element at the beginning of a list ; returns the element */
#define LIST_ADD(lh, el) ({ (el)->n = (lh)->n; (el)->n->p = (lh)->n = (el); (el)->p = (lh); (el); })

/* adds an element at the end of a list ; returns the element */
#define LIST_ADDQ(lh, el) ({ (el)->p = (lh)->p; (el)->p->n = (lh)->p = (el); (el)->n = (lh); (el); })

/* removes an element from a list and returns it */
#define LIST_DEL(el) ({ typeof(el) __ret = (el); (el)->n->p = (el)->p; (el)->p->n = (el)->n; (__ret); })

/* returns a pointer of type <pt> to a structure containing a list head called
 * <el> at address <lh>. Note that <lh> can be the result of a function or macro
 * since it's used only once.
 * Example: LIST_ELEM(cur_node->args.next, struct node *, args)
 */
#define LIST_ELEM(lh, pt, el) ((pt)(((void *)(lh)) - ((void *)&((pt)NULL)->el)))

/* checks if the list head <lh> is empty or not */
#define LIST_ISEMPTY(lh) ((lh)->n == (lh))

/* returns a pointer of type <pt> to a structure following the element
 * which contains list head <lh>, which is known as element <el> in
 * struct pt.
 * Example: LIST_NEXT(args, struct node *, list)
 */
#define LIST_NEXT(lh, pt, el) (LIST_ELEM((lh)->n, pt, el))


/* returns a pointer of type <pt> to a structure preceeding the element
 * which contains list head <lh>, which is known as element <el> in
 * struct pt.
 */
#define LIST_PREV(lh, pt, el) (LIST_ELEM((lh)->p, pt, el))

/*
 * DEPRECATED !!!  Use list_for_each_entry() below instead !
 *
 * iterates through a list of items of type "<struct_type>" which are
 * linked via a "struct list" member named <struct_member>. The head of the
 * list is stored at a location designed by <list_head>, which should be a
 * "struct list *". A variable <end_item> of type "<struct_type>" will
 * be used as temporary end of list pointer. It can be derived from <list_head>
 * since this one is only used before.
 * Example: FOREACH_ITEM(cur_node, &node->args, node, struct node *, neigh) { ... };
 */
#define FOREACH_ITEM(iterator, list_head, end_item, struct_type, struct_member) \
      iterator = end_item = LIST_ELEM(list_head, struct_type, struct_member); \
      while (((iterator) = LIST_ELEM((iterator)->struct_member.n,             \
                       struct_type, struct_member)) != (end_item))

/*
 * DEPRECATED !!!  Use list_for_each_entry_safe() below instead !
 *
 * idem except that this one is safe against deletion, but it needs a backup
 * pointer of the element after the iterator.
 * Example: FOREACH_ITEM_SAFE(cur_node, backup, &node->args, node, struct node *, neigh) { ... };
 */
#define FOREACH_ITEM_SAFE(iterator, backup, list_head, end_item, struct_type, struct_member) \
      end_item = LIST_ELEM(list_head, struct_type, struct_member); \
      iterator = LIST_ELEM((end_item)->struct_member.n, struct_type, struct_member); \
      if ((iterator) != (end_item)) \
            backup = LIST_ELEM((iterator)->struct_member.n, struct_type, struct_member); \
      for ( ; (iterator) != (end_item); (iterator) = (backup),   \
            backup = LIST_ELEM((iterator)->struct_member.n, struct_type, struct_member))

/*
 * Simpler FOREACH_ITEM macro inspired from Linux sources.
 * Iterates <item> through a list of items of type "typeof(*item)" which are
 * linked via a "struct list" member named <member>. A pointer to the head of
 * the list is passed in <list_head>. No temporary variable is needed. Note
 * that <item> must not be modified during the loop.
 * Example: list_for_each_entry(cur_acl, known_acl, list) { ... };
 */ 
#define list_for_each_entry(item, list_head, member)                      \
      for (item = LIST_ELEM((list_head)->n, typeof(item), member);     \
           &item->member != (list_head);                                \
           item = LIST_ELEM(item->member.n, typeof(item), member))

/*
 * Simpler FOREACH_ITEM_SAFE macro inspired from Linux sources.
 * Iterates <item> through a list of items of type "typeof(*item)" which are
 * linked via a "struct list" member named <member>. A pointer to the head of
 * the list is passed in <list_head>. A temporary variable <back> of same type
 * as <item> is needed so that <item> may safely be deleted if needed.
 * Example: list_for_each_entry_safe(cur_acl, tmp, known_acl, list) { ... };
 */ 
#define list_for_each_entry_safe(item, back, list_head, member)           \
      for (item = LIST_ELEM((list_head)->n, typeof(item), member),     \
           back = LIST_ELEM(item->member.n, typeof(item), member);     \
           &item->member != (list_head);                                \
           item = back, back = LIST_ELEM(back->member.n, typeof(back), member))


#endif /* _COMMON_MINI_CLIST_H */

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